19.10.2021

AFET LOJİSTİĞİ NEDİR, NASIL YAPILIR?

Disasters destroy people's lives and property, leaving a great deal of pain for those who survive. In previous times, the number of preparations and measures taken before disasters occurred was quite small. The issue of disaster preparedness, which has become more and more conscious, has brought along measures. Now there is a world that always must be prepared for disasters. In this context, all institutions and organizations that are directly related or not should put their hands under stone and mobilize to heal wounds. So, what is disaster logistics, how is it done? Let's examine it together. Disaster logistics is the process that enables technical opportunities, people, resources, and information to be collected and delivered to the location in order to help people in need by being affected by extraordinary situations. In disasters, there may be a need for materials that are much higher than those routinely used daily. In some cases, objects and spaces that are not normally used can be used for different purposes. To give an example, a place used for meetings for natural health purposes can be used as a medical assistance center in exceptional cases. In such cases, there is a much greater need for materials than usual. It is the responsibility of the logistics company to transport the needed material to the required area in the right quantity, at the right time and under the right conditions. The logistical procedure of disaster management is just as important as the operation part. Disaster logistics is an area that is constantly being studied and developed today. In this context, disasters should be viewed in terms of events, not in general. Each disaster can have different characteristics with elements such as its severity, type, geography of the place where it occurs, etc. Disasters with different characteristics require different interventions. Planning logistics can waste time when a disaster occurs. Therefore, it is important to plan a general disaster logistics for each region and disaster in order to quickly eliminate the grievances of the needy.

WHAT ARE THE LOGISTICS ACTIVITIES DURING THE DISASTER RESPONSE PROCESS?

Before initiating the disaster response process, a preliminary assessment of the situation should be made. Factors such as the severity of the disaster, its region, its destruction, the number of people in the region, materials that may be needed, etc. should be taken into consideration and a general plan should be drawn. Then, the necessary materials should be collected and delivered to the disaster area as soon as possible. During the preliminary evaluation process, there are various points to consider other than those written above. These important points can be listed as follows: · Conditions and capacities of airways, railways, highways and ports · Storage facilities and storage capacities outside the organization's own facilities· Access to warehouses· The possibility of having the necessary/needed materials in the local area · The customs process of the materials that may come from abroad according to the size of the disaster, the closest customs zones. Here, disaster logistics covers a highly dynamic process carried out by considering all these points. 

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